How Did Lincoln Get Its Name?
There have been many explanations for the name Lincoln, we know that Lincoln’s modern name comes LINdum COLoNia, but what about before the Romans built their town?
Read about the Romans in Lincoln here
Its British name probably came from the Celtic Lindun* or Llyndon meaning lake or pool and hill - making hill by the pool, which would describe it exactly as much of the land below the hill was under water. The Roman name was originally Lindum, derived from the Celtic name, later when it became a retirement place for Roman soldiers it was changed to Lindum Colonia.
* There is a suggestion that there was a city pre-Roman called Caer Lleyn, view a map of the pre-Roman cities here
It was once thought the the British name was Lincoit (court in the woods) but it probably came from a mis-reading of the inscription Lind-Civt, an abbreviation of Lindum Civitas.
Following the departure of the Roman civilisation in the fifth century the name of the town became Lindecollinam or Lindocyllanceaster. The Normans chose to re-arrange some of the letters and renamed it Nicole when writing in French and used Lincolnia when writing in Latin.
But where was pre-Roman Lincoln? No definite remains of the hill fort have been excavated. There were some finds near the Brayford in the 1970s but it is generally thought that the hill fort was located on the top of the hill between Carline Road and the Cathedral, covering the sites of The Lawn and the Castle. This would have been an excellent defensive position giving views of the Witham and Trent Valleys.
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