Robert Gardiner Hill
Robert Gardiner Hill was born in Louth, Lincolnshire in 1811 and was educated at Guy’s and St.Thomas’ Hospitals and qualified as a M.R.C.S. (Member of the Royal College of Surgeons) and a L.S.A. (Licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries) in 1834. In the same year he was appointed house surgeon to the General Dispensary at Lincoln, in 1835 he was elected Medical Superintendant at the Lincoln Lunatic Asylum.
"After he left Lincoln Asylum in 1841 Robert Gardiner Hill went into general practice in Lincoln with another doctor - Harvey - but after a few years started a private mental hospital in Lincoln (note: Eastgate House).
""Apparently he was extremely popular in the town for his good work and in 1851 they made him mayor ..... Robert Gardiner Hill then took a private home at Brentford but after two or three years bought Shillingthorpe Hall near Lincoln to do the same type of work on his own.
"He then went back to London and took over Earls Court House where he prospered and died." (Typed note in Dr Harold Gardiner-Hill's Family Book)
He married Charlotte Brown in Lincoln in 1841. He was Mayor of Lincoln in 1853.
His ‘non-restraint’ method, which was ‘a procedure with momentous results to the insane’, led to the widespread practice of this principle in England.
He died of a stroke at his home, Earls Court House, Old Brompton, London, in 1878.
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Sources: Obituary: British Medical Journal